Cervical and lumbar decompression are surgical procedures performed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerves in the neck (cervical spine) or lower back (lumbar spine). These procedures are typically done to treat conditions such as spinal stenosis, herniated discs, or degenerative disc disease.
Cervical decompression, also known as cervical laminectomy or cervical discectomy, involves removing a portion of the vertebrae, bone spurs, or herniated disc material that is compressing the spinal cord or nerve roots in the neck. The procedure aims to alleviate pain, weakness, numbness, and other symptoms associated with cervical compression.
The surgeon typically makes an incision in the back of the neck, removes the lamina (a portion of the vertebral arch), and may remove a herniated disc or bone spurs causing compression. Sometimes, the procedure is performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as microdiscectomy or endoscopic approaches.
Lumbar decompression, also called lumbar laminectomy or lumbar discectomy, is a similar procedure performed in the lower back. It involves removing a portion of the vertebrae, bone spurs, or herniated disc material that is compressing the spinal cord or nerve roots in the lumbar region.
The surgeon typically makes an incision in the lower back, removes the lamina, and may remove a herniated disc or bone spurs causing compression. Minimally invasive techniques like microdiscectomy or endoscopic approaches can also be used for lumbar decompression.
Both cervical and lumbar decompression surgeries aim to relieve pressure on the affected nerves or spinal cord, reduce pain, and improve overall mobility and function. The specific approach and technique used depend on the individual patient’s condition and the surgeon’s expertise.
It’s important to note that these surgeries carry potential risks and complications, and the decision to undergo decompression surgery should be made in consultation with a qualified healthcare professional after a thorough evaluation of your condition and consideration of non-surgical treatment options.